In February of 1873, to the tables of the coffee of the Casino, among the young good of the Viareggio since that time the idea day a parade of carriages budded for celebrating the carnival, to the open one, in plaza, among the people. Fat Tuesday of February 1873, the Carnival of Viareggio is matured as today it is known: spectacular event among the most beautiful and grandiose of the world. To end of last century, appeared, in the middle of the party of people that was suffered great, the triumphal wagons, real monuments, built in wood, scagliola and juta, modeled by sculptors and envoys together by carpenters and blacksmiths that, in the Dock, on the ports of the shipyards, they knew how to create boats destined to challenge with success the insidious waters and the capricious winds of the oceans; since then the wagons so built of year in year, it have sailed in a sea of amazed people and had a good time.
The first world war seemed to destroy, together with the beautiful époque in Europe, also the Carnival to Viareggio, that instead revived, more splendid and more grandiose, in 1921, when even the disguised wagons unthread around two marvelous avenues, parallel among them and to the beach; the sea avenues, the mythical walk, that in the summer they were the meeting of the national and international worldliness, from that moment they were, with the scenes of the Alps Apuane, the natural and grandiose stage, of incomparable beauty, where they were strutted, every year richer than animation and vivacity, the carnival constructions.
In 1921 the first official song was sung, the "Cup of Champagne", actual hymn of the carnival. Also the masks were animated with music for the first time, because the gang found place to edge of an entitled wagon "Tonin of Burio" that represented the party nuziale in the threshing floor of a farmer's house. Two years after the " Pierrot ", nostalgic and romantic figure of the carnival, was the first mask to move the head and the eyes.
In 1925, for initiative of some builders, the papier-maché was introduced, to realize the wagons, since then has allowed colossal but light constructions, that is mascheroni able to hover in the air challenging the law of the gravitates. With such innovation we can said that the history of the Carnival of Viareggio becomes legend, thanks to the builders that, for their creative abilities, it was denominated, from the national and international press, magicians of the papier-maché.
In the 1930 Uberto Bonetti, the painter that has illustrated the magic of the carnival with official manifestos, Burlamacco it conceived, the famous mask today, that in the 1931 manifesto, on I break down of the docks stretched out on the sea, it appears together with Ondina. Today Burlamacco finds place anger the Italian masks to Rome I press the museum of the Folklore and the tradition and he is exposed in Paris I press the Musée de The Homme.
After the second world war, it revives in 1946 and, since then, King Carnevale has tempered his scepter, passing uninjured - June of 1960 -through a dreadful fire of the hangarses where the wagons were built. Since the beginning (1954) the national Tv before, and the Eurovision (1958) then have consecrated the great demonstration transporting, anywhere, by ether Viareggio and the Carnival. For a long time, every year, a long team of illustrious guests, of political, of characters of the sport and the show, has come to Viareggio to admire it own effigy in papier-maché, as to every course disguised day every edition of the carnival hundreds of thousands of people have decreed the success of this great demonstration.
In 1998 the Carnival of Viareggio has celebrated 125 years of life in the shine of one whole month of diurnal and nighttime parties and now, strong of its continuous successes, it looks by now with all of its strengths at the great editions of the future, that will be spectacular with wagons, you unthread, local parties, party in mask, reviews of every kind and, first among these, the world tournament of kick " Cup " " Carnival ". In 2001 him it is inaugurated the new City of the carnival, a complex destined to become a great attraction, characterized from new hangars, from an arena for the shows, from the multi-media museum , from the school of the papier-maché and from other cultural initiatives and of diversion. Carnival, party of the peace, of the love, of the solidarity. Every year, they come to Viareggio thousand of people.
Viareggio Carnival 2014 - Program
16 - 23 febrary, 2 - 4 - 9 march 2014
FONDAZIONE CARNEVALE DI VIAREGGIO
Piazza Mazzini, 22 c/o Palazzo delle Muse 55049 Viareggio
Phone 0584 962568 - Fax 0584 47077