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San Quirico d'Orcia

San Quirico is Etruscan in origin, and cinerary urns and other funeral objects and vessels found here are now kept in the Etruscan archeological museum in Siena.

San quirico d'orciaSan Quirico is Etruscan in origin, and cinerary urns and other funeral objects and vessels found here are now kept in the Etruscan archeological museum in Siena. The first explicit reference to San Quirico was at the time of a dispute, in 712, between the diocese of Sienna and Arezzo over the possession of some parishes, among which was San Quirico in Osenna. The outcome of this dispute was a decision, confirmed by King Liutprando, in favour of the church of Arezzo. The name "Osenna" was in use until the 17 C and probably referred to a water-course which has now disappeared. It is an Etruscan place-name and perhaps even "Orcia" (water, stream or brook) is pre-Roman. From the beginning of the 11 C, the name of San Quirico in Osenna is mentioned more frequently, especially in connection to travel along the important Via Francigena (or Romea, the pilgrims' way to Rome) by important Europeans in the political and ecclesiastical world. In 1154, Federico I (Barbarossa) came to Italy to receive the Imperial Crown. While heading towards Rome, his army encamped at San Quirico, where Pope Adrian IV sent three cardinals to meet the him. In 1180, the Siennese extended their jurisdiction over San Quirico and soon after that the town became the seat of the Imperial Vicar. At San Quirico, in 1205, a congress of the "Lega di Toscana" (League of Tuscany) was held. With the fall of the Republic of Sienna, San Quirico passed into the hands of the Marchese of Marignano and, some time after, it was under the rule of Cosimo de' Medici. After becoming the cause of a feud for the title of marquisate by Grand Duke Cosimo III, in 1677 it was conceded to Cardinal Flavio Chigi, nephew of Pope Adrian VII.

Visit San Quirico D'Orcia:
La cinta muraria

A large part of the antique town walls still stand along with 14 small towers, although some of them are incorporated into other buildings. Unfortunately, nothing remains of the North and South gates, although the partially original Eastern gate is preserved. Probably this was originally preceded by an outer gate, of which only the base remains.
La Collegiata
The present church was built on the site of the old parish church, which dated from the 8 C. La Collegiata three doorways. The first, brought from Siena, is a magnificent example of Romanesque art, constructed of sandstone and travertine. An extraordinary wealth of symbolic religious themes can be seen on the inside of the great round arch. The first "portale di mezzogiorno" (southern door), is obviously still in the Romanesque style, even though there is a hint of the Gothic, is attributed to Giovanni Pisano. With its protruding porch supported on two columns, and with its wonderful balance, it encorporates elements of the Classical, Romanesque and Gothic styles. The bell-tower, as it appears today, was built at the end of the 18 C and replaced the old, arched bell tower. Inside the church, there is a triangular beamed ceiling. The baroque choir was built in 1655, replacing the original apse, and the high altar is in the rococo style. Behind the altar, the magnificent, inlaid panels, by the Siennese Antonio Barili, date from between 1482 and 1502. The nineteen wonderful marquetry panels, of which only seven are still at San Quirico, were acquired by the Marchese Chigi in 1749 and set into the choir. The organ, dating from the 17 C, was revealed after restoration to have a splendid timbre, which is emphasised by the perfect acoustics of the church. In a wing of the transept there is a wonderful polyptych of "Sano di Pietro" (Siennese School - 15 C). This piece was painted expressly for the parish of San Quirico, as can be seen by the red and gold coat-of-arms of the town and the presence of the patron saint.
San quirico d'orciaPalazzo Chigi
Next to the Collegiata and opposite the Palazzo Pretorio (magistrate's palace) - adjoining which, two mediaeval features can be seen - the "porte del morto" (doors of the dead) - rises the huge mass of the Palazzo Chigi. This palace was built in the second half of the 17 C by Cardinal Flavio Chigi, and is now the property of the town council. Unfortunately, due to negligence and harm suffered during the Second World War, the palace remains seriously damaged on its external structure and in its richly frescoed rooms.
Chiesa di San Francesco
The Church of St Francis, which faces the main square, has undergone numerous changes over the centuries. On the high altar there is a very beautiful Madonna attributed to Andrea della Robbia, which perhaps, originally, was part of an Annunciation. On the corbels in the presbytery, there are two wooden polychrome statues of the Angel and the Virgin Mary attributed to Francesco di Valdambrino, a pupil of Jacopo della Quercia.
Horti Leonini
The Horti Leonini, laid out by Diomede Leoni in 1580, is a superb example of the Italian garden. The enormous garden opens into a wide perspective flight, the effect of which is helped by the perfectly geometrical beds of box hedge.
Horti Leonini Starting at the bottom of the garden, an English wood extends up through to the large square at the top, which was once dominated by the old "torre del cassero", destroyed during the Second World War.
In the centre of the lower square, there is a statue of Cosimo III de' Medici, sculpted in 1688 and commissioned by Flavio Chigi in gratitude to the Grand Duke, who had nominated him to be Marquis of San Quirico.
Chiesa di Santa Maria Assunta
This church was mentioned in a Papal Bull of Pope Benedetto Vlll in 1017. The purity of line and its extremely formal severity make S. Maria a magnificent example of a small, single-aisled romanesque church.
Ospedale della Scala
The hospital, built in the 12 C, offered shelter to pilgrims and travelers passing along the Via Francigena. In the court-yard there is a l6 C well and a small loggia, partly blocked in, with three elegant columns.

Fattoria Armena

Farmhouse Buonconvento (Siena) 12 KM from San Quirico d'Orcia
Fattoria Armena offer three characteristic apartments part of an antique farmhouse of year 1500.
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Agriturismo le Caggiole

Farmhouse Montepulciano (Siena) 21 KM from San Quirico d'Orcia
Immersed in the verdant countryside around the noble town of Montepulciano, that boasts ancient Etruscan origins, Le Caggiole Estate is perfectly located for exploring Tuscany’s most prized treasures.
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Palazzo Bandino

Farmhouse Chianciano Terme (Siena) 23 KM from San Quirico d'Orcia
Palazzo Bandino is a family run holiday farm situated in the wonderful countryside close to Chianciano Terme.
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Foresteria Il Giardino di Fontarronco

Farmhouse Monte San Savino (Arezzo) 30 KM from San Quirico d'Orcia
The Foresteria Il Giardino di Fontarronco offers you the possibility to experience unforgettable moments as only a place in Tuscany can.
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Hotel Athena

Hotel Siena (Siena) 38 KM from San Quirico d'Orcia
Hotel Athena is a four-star hotel in Siena, located in the heart of the old town centre inside the ancient city walls.
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Agriturismo Marciano

Farmhouse Siena (Siena) 40 KM from San Quirico d'Orcia
Agriturimo Marciano : an exlusive opportunity, two holidays at the place of only one. stay in the country and life downtown. Marciano is located near the walls of the Middle Age town of Siena.
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Relais Villa Acquaviva

Relais Manciano - Saturnia (Grosseto) 43 KM from San Quirico d'Orcia
Villa Acquaviva luxury hotel is the ideal place for those looking for wellbeing and relaxation in Maremma.
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Locanda Terenzi

Bed Breakfast Scansano (Grosseto) 45 KM from San Quirico d'Orcia
LOCANDA TERENZI is a charming place for nature lovers with a taste for perfumes, colours and flavours.
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La Locanda

Hotel Radda in Chianti (Siena) 52 KM from San Quirico d'Orcia
La Locanda stands on a plateau 600 mts above sea level in the most beautiful part of Chianti. Surrounded by vineyards, woods and olive groves, it overlooks Volpaia, a magnificent medieval village facing Radda in Chianti.
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Podere Palazzolo

Bed Breakfast Castellina in Chianti (Siena) 52 KM from San Quirico d'Orcia
Podere Palazzolo, charming and romantic bed and breakfast in Chianti.
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Antico Borgo Poggiarello

Farmhouse Monteriggioni (Siena) 53 KM from San Quirico d'Orcia
Farmhouse Poggiarello is located in Monteriggioni among woods and vineyards of Sienese Chianti and consists of 14 holiday apartments charmingly furnished in the old style of Tuscany
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Villa le Barone

Hotel Greve in Chianti (Florence) 56 KM from San Quirico d'Orcia
Set amongst the timeless landscape of Chianti, in a protected environment, Villa Le Barone has been in the famous Della Robbia family since the 16th century.
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Relais della Rovere

Relais Colle Val D'Elsa (Siena) 59 KM from San Quirico d'Orcia
The Relais Della Rovere is a charming hotel created from the conversion of an ancient Benedictine abbey and a papal villa of the Renaissance period.
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Agriturismo Taverna di Bibbiano

Farmhouse Colle Val D'Elsa (Siena) 63 KM from San Quirico d'Orcia
Taverna di Bibbiano is a beautiful farmhouse in the heart of Toscany, between Siena and Florence, in front of San Gimignano.
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Locanda del Viandante

Bed Breakfast Anghiari (Arezzo) 67 KM from San Quirico d'Orcia
Once upon a time travellers walked the roads in search of people, markets and business. They stopped at inns.
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Agriturismo la Lucciolaia

Farmhouse San Gimignano (Siena) 68 KM from San Quirico d'Orcia
In the vicinity of the medieval centre of San Gimignano, nestled in the rolling hills of the gorgeous Tuscan countryside, Agriturismo La Lucciolaia is perfectly located for exploring Tuscany's most prized art towns.
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Agriturismo Poggiacolle

Farmhouse San Gimignano (Siena) 68 KM from San Quirico d'Orcia
Poggiacolle farmhouse in Siena is surrounded by hilly countryside just opposite the ancient medieval town of San Gimignano, only 2 km away, and offering breath-taking views over the Tuscany country
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Agriturismo Niccolai - Palagetto di sotto

Farmhouse San Gimignano (Siena) 69 KM from San Quirico d'Orcia
Agriturismo Niccolai ...in the vicinity of the medieval centre of San Gimignano, nestled in the rolling hills of the gorgeous Tuscan countryside.
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B&B la Fornace di Racciano

Bed Breakfast San Gimignano (Siena) 70 KM from San Quirico d'Orcia
La Fornace di Racciano is a lovely Bed&Breakfast a short distance from the historical centre of medieval San Gimignano. It consists of a typical Tuscan country house surrounded by a large flowery garden.
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Agriturismo Cesani

Farmhouse San Gimignano (Siena) 74 KM from San Quirico d'Orcia
Azienda Agricola Biologica Cesani is an organic farm nestled in the rolling hills of the Tuscan countryside, in the tiny country hamlet of Pancole, 6 km to the medieval town of San Gimignano.
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Villa il Poggiale

Historical house San Casciano Val di Pesa (Florence) 75 KM from San Quirico d'Orcia
Relais Villa il Poggiale is located in the heart of the Chianti wine-growing area onlya few kilometers from Florence, listed as a Historical Residence of Italy.
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Poggio all'Agnello Resort Baratti - Etruscan coast
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