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Scarlino

The importance of the walled town of Scarlino and its castle is clear in the etymology of the name.

Scarlino - walled town - MaremmaThe importance of the walled town of Scarlino and its castle is clear in the etymology of the name: although some considers it may be derived from the ancient Roman port called 'Porto Scabris' situated once on the underlying coast, it seems more probable a connection with the Longobard word 'Scherl', that means 'Sentinel'. In fact, thanks to its extraordinary position, from which is possible to dominate the whole lowland and great part of the coast from Piombino to Punta Ala, the castle played an important role of 'guardian of the sea' with the task communicate the coming of enemies and pirates to the nearby inland cities.
The birth of the town and the construction of the stronghold as crown of the strategical rocky relief of Scarlino, instead of the more favorable for the commerce and communications location next to the sea , was due to the fact that, in the years immediately following at the collapse of the Roman Empire and in concomitance with the barbarian invasions of Italy, the underlying plain became an immense and unhealthy swamp, because of the combined action of the sea tides and the alluvial deposits of the river Pecora.
The first notices of a fortified settlement called Scarlino goes back to the year 973, but it is impossible to establish what was its aspect at the time. Later the castle's ownership passed to the counts Alberti of Prato and Mangona. All the 12th century parts of the castle are owed to the noble Aldobrandeschi family of Sovana, that acquired Scarlino thanks to the marriage of Ildebrandino Aldobrandeschi with a daughter of the Count Alberto Alberti.
Scarlino CastleIn 1164 Scarlino was conquered by the Army of Pisa. The Pisanes strengthened the fortification of the town in order to make Scarlino the stronghold at control of the surrounding area, important for their commercial purposes. Due to this the castle is also called 'Rocca Pisana'. Subsequently, around the 1240, Scarlino was one of the first countries of the Maremma to organize itself as free common [city-state]. Since 1399, and until 1814, the town was part of the municipality of Piombino.
The castle has an irregular shape with five sides and is connected to the town walls. The city walls are chained at the northwest angle of its main front, the less exposed of the fortification. The opposite side connection, at the southwest angle, has disappeared. Near the castle, in the highest point of their lenght, the walls are endowed with two round towers. All around the village are still visible other large sections of the town walls with the 'Porta Senese' on the northern side.
The External defenses, constituted by a crenelated walled enclosure [almost a continuation of the town walls] are present only on the northern and western sides of the castle, the most exposed toward the town, and are protected by a ditch dug in the rock. The unique gate, once endowed with a drawbridge, is opened in the western curtain. The inner courtyard separate the outer defenses from the inner enclosure, core of the castle.
Scarlino CastleTwo sides of its highest walls are not reinforced with towers, but in the angles there're remnants of brackets to testimony that the walls were gifted of machicoulis (opening between corbels of a parapet through which the defenders can drop rocks or fire projectiles against an enemy directly below them).
The other three sides are turned to the sea and a tower rise on every angle: the southwest squared and more tall (being the only one directly turned to the sea and used as watch tower), the southeast one is disposed as a 'spur' out of the walls to have the possibility of a draught fire from its loopholes: these two were surely part of the most ancient nucleus of the castle and preserve remnants of the stone brackets from which leaned the timber hoarding; the northwest tower with its round shape was one of the last Pisane addictions. The only gate of access is opened on the most protected front, the north, with a beautiful gothic arch in travertine. Recently restored the castle is used by the local authority for manifestations, especially in summer. It Is freely visible from the outside.
The beach of Cala Violina, it's a sandy bay of great beauty, it has been rewarded from Legambiente like one of the 11 most beautiful beaches of Italy in 2004 and 2005. Cala Violina, is enclosed between two promontories and is characterized by withe sand and from particularly transparent waters with sea bed of rare beauty, forms from prairie of Oceanic Posidonia and great sandstone masses, between which are noticed fish of all the dimensions. The Oceanic Posidonia, seaweed that has a very important role in order to contrast the erosion of the coasts, for the oxygenation of waters and index of crystal-clear waters, it covers with its remains from the seas storm also part of the beach.

Cala Violina
In Cala Violina, dipped in the scrub we find tables and benches for pic nic, and a wide beach with a limpid and crystalline water. The name of the beach derives from the nature of the white and most fine sand, it's therefore so particular to produce rising of “sound of violin” when you walks knots on foot. The shoreline is encircled from a green landscape formed from a thich and flourishing Mediterranean scrub.

Vedetta Townhouse

Bed Breakfast Scarlino (Grosseto) 0 KM from Scarlino
edetta Townhouse, B &B in the medieval village of Scarlino, offers itself to tourists three rooms, three short stories from different centuries that give life to the names of the rooms.
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Agriturismo La Cianella

Farmhouse Scarlino (Grosseto) 0 KM from Scarlino
Agriturismo Relais La Cianella is located in Scarlino, Maremma, and offers its guests opportunities for fun and entertainment holiday which suits their own tastes.
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B&B Giardino dei Sugheri

Bed Breakfast Scarlino (Grosseto) 2 KM from Scarlino
Bed Breakfast Giardino dei Sugheri is located in Maremma Tuscany and is the result of a careful restructuring which gave new life to an old farmhouse in the heart of Tuscany.
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Poggio la Croce

Farmhouse Scarlino (Grosseto) 2 KM from Scarlino
Staying in Maremma villas for rent at Poggio la Croce allows you to discover the real pleasures of living in harmony with nature.
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Relais Vedetta

Relais Scarlino (Grosseto) 3 KM from Scarlino
Our charming B&B is perched on a panoramic hilltop from which the enchanting views of entire Gulf of Follonica.
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Il Convento di Monte Pozzali

Farmhouse Massa Marittima (Grosseto) 12 KM from Scarlino
The convent of Monte Pozzali is an ancient monastery dating from the 12th century which has been completely renovated into a welcoming country residence.
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Poggio all'Agnello Holiday Resort

Resort Piombino (Livorno) 32 KM from Scarlino
Open all year round, surrounded by nature and sea along the Etruscan Coast, the Poggio all'Agnello Residential Resort Country & Beach is a large holiday resort in Tuscany complete with all services and facilities.
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Podere Vignanova

Relais Castagneto Carducci (Livorno) 35 KM from Scarlino
Podere Vignanova, little charming resort in Tuscany, in one of the more enchanting corners of the Etruscan coast, where vineyards with wines which are conquering the world.
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Villa Emilia

Residence Castagneto Carducci (Livorno) 40 KM from Scarlino
The Residence Villa Emilia is in Tuscany in the Etruscan Coast between Donoratico e San Vincenzo directly on one of the most beautiful beaches in Tuscany
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Tombolo Talasso Resort

Resort Castagneto Carducci (Livorno) 41 KM from Scarlino
Tombolo Talasso Resort where the virtues of land and sea meet in an harmonic ensemble of colors, tastes and emotions.
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Antico Borgo Poggiarello

Farmhouse Monteriggioni (Siena) 55 KM from Scarlino
Farmhouse Poggiarello is located in Monteriggioni among woods and vineyards of Sienese Chianti and consists of 14 holiday apartments charmingly furnished in the old style of Tuscany
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Agriturismo Poggiacolle

Farmhouse San Gimignano (Siena) 57 KM from Scarlino
Poggiacolle farmhouse in Siena is surrounded by hilly countryside just opposite the ancient medieval town of San Gimignano, only 2 km away, and offering breath-taking views over the Tuscany country
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B&B la Fornace di Racciano

Bed Breakfast San Gimignano (Siena) 57 KM from Scarlino
La Fornace di Racciano is a lovely Bed&Breakfast a short distance from the historical centre of medieval San Gimignano. It consists of a typical Tuscan country house surrounded by a large flowery garden.
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Agriturismo Niccolai - Palagetto di sotto

Farmhouse San Gimignano (Siena) 58 KM from Scarlino
Agriturismo Niccolai ...in the vicinity of the medieval centre of San Gimignano, nestled in the rolling hills of the gorgeous Tuscan countryside.
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Relais della Rovere

Relais Colle Val D'Elsa (Siena) 58 KM from Scarlino
The Relais Della Rovere is a charming hotel created from the conversion of an ancient Benedictine abbey and a papal villa of the Renaissance period.
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Locanda Terenzi

Bed Breakfast Scansano (Grosseto) 58 KM from Scarlino
LOCANDA TERENZI is a charming place for nature lovers with a taste for perfumes, colours and flavours.
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Agriturismo Taverna di Bibbiano

Farmhouse Colle Val D'Elsa (Siena) 59 KM from Scarlino
Taverna di Bibbiano is a beautiful farmhouse in the heart of Toscany, between Siena and Florence, in front of San Gimignano.
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Agriturismo la Lucciolaia

Farmhouse San Gimignano (Siena) 61 KM from Scarlino
In the vicinity of the medieval centre of San Gimignano, nestled in the rolling hills of the gorgeous Tuscan countryside, Agriturismo La Lucciolaia is perfectly located for exploring Tuscany's most prized art towns.
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Agriturismo Cesani

Farmhouse San Gimignano (Siena) 61 KM from Scarlino
Azienda Agricola Biologica Cesani is an organic farm nestled in the rolling hills of the Tuscan countryside, in the tiny country hamlet of Pancole, 6 km to the medieval town of San Gimignano.
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Agriturismo Marciano

Farmhouse Siena (Siena) 61 KM from Scarlino
Agriturimo Marciano : an exlusive opportunity, two holidays at the place of only one. stay in the country and life downtown. Marciano is located near the walls of the Middle Age town of Siena.
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Hotel Athena

Hotel Siena (Siena) 62 KM from Scarlino
Hotel Athena is a four-star hotel in Siena, located in the heart of the old town centre inside the ancient city walls.
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Podere Palazzolo

Bed Breakfast Castellina in Chianti (Siena) 70 KM from Scarlino
Podere Palazzolo, charming and romantic bed and breakfast in Chianti.
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La Locanda

Hotel Radda in Chianti (Siena) 81 KM from Scarlino
La Locanda stands on a plateau 600 mts above sea level in the most beautiful part of Chianti. Surrounded by vineyards, woods and olive groves, it overlooks Volpaia, a magnificent medieval village facing Radda in Chianti.
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Poggio all'Agnello Resort Baratti - Etruscan coast
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