Scarperia

Scarperia became the seat of the Vicariate, the representative of the administrative and judicial power of Florence.


Scarperia history
1306- after defeating the Ubaldini, the ancient feudal lords of Mugello, on the 18 th of July the Council of One Hundred of the Florentine Republic decided to construct a “new land», Castel S. Barnaba, in the place known as “la Scarperia” on the road to the main Giogo pass connecting Florence and Bologna. On the 7 th of September the streets and city walls were designed before the rural inhabitants gathered together in the new centre which was to be officially founded the following day, with ten year’s of exemption from taxes and levies for all those deciding to build their house there.
Scarperia1415- Scarperia became the seat of the Vicariate, the representative of the administrative and judicial power of Florence. All the vicars (governors) had their coat-of arms- sculpted or painted in the palace. The Vicariate of Scarperia included the boroughs of Barberino di Mugello, Borgo San Lorenzo, Campi, Carmignano, Dicomano, S. Godenzo, Sesto, Fiesole and Vicchio. Trade thrived in Scarperia thanks to its strategic position along the road to the Giogo pass, leading to Emilia-Romagna and Northern Italy. There were very many hostelries and inns here in the XV and XVI centuries as well as craftsmen’s workshops, especially those forging iron and producing agricultural utensils and knives.
1752- the new Lorena government built the Futa carriageway to improve traffic across the Apennines, thus cutting off Scarperia from the passing trade which had made its fortune. Hostelries, taverns and inns closed down and even for the knife-makers life became difficult. In the first decades of the nineteenth century there were only about 50 left.
1908- the law prohibiting the sale and use of spring-knives longer than the palm of the hand was another blow to the knife-making trade which survived however through alternate vicissitudes until its comeback in recent decades.
Visit Scarperia : Palazzo dei Vicari
Visit Scarperia
Palazzo dei Vicari

The Palazzo dei Vicari is the result of a series of additions made to the original nucleus of the tower. During the 1300s a building acting as the Captain’s residence was added to the tower; in 1366 much work was done to the castle including work on “ the Chamber of the Keep”, the “restoration” of the archers’ tower and of the “four merlons that fell and broke on the watchman’s tower”.
The XVI century was key moment as regards the layout of the Palace; following the earthquake of 1542 there had been much damage to the building, the restoration of which gave the Palace an appearance similar to that of today (at least as far as the Vicar’s residence and the reception rooms were concerned).
The rebuilding had also led to the definitive positioning of the prisons, set in the vaulted rooms on the ground floor (now the loggia). Modifications and repairs were to continue to interest the Palace throughout the 1600s after another earthquake on the 8 th of September 1611.
The repair work was finished in August 1612 and at the end of it the palace had partially changed its appearance. Barbicans to strengthen the walls, a roof sloping onto the facade, plastering of the facade and the repair and texturing of the great side wall leading to the S. Agata gate, were the works most evident on the outside of the building.
A few more changes and the Palace took on the morphological features which were to remain unchanged until halfway through the XIX century when the building once again underwent restoration work and was reorganised.
The damage following the 1960 earthquake, together with the precarious state of the foundations, were the subject of intensive consolidation and restoration work (starting in 1980) ending in 1999 with the restoration of the monumental quarters and the rebuilding of the north wing where the Museum of Knives is now situated.

Scarperia : The Knife Museum The Knife Museum
In the Museum-place of memory, interconnected documents and collections are arranged so as to enable the visitor to interpret the utensil through an examination of historic facts.
The layout of the museum begins with the story of the knife in its many forms present in human actions, confirmed by pictures taken from Italian art. By using a manual approach (assembly counter) it’s possible to see the various components of different types of knife. The visitor can himself put a knife together and thus see the complexity of apparently simple utensils like the table knife. An itinerary that ranges through the production of knives and blades in various Italian centres enables a comparison of materials, techniques and objects very distant from each other, both geographically and temporally.
The culture and production of knives in Scarperia is the highpoint and fulcrum of the museum itinerary; the life and work of the knife-makers’ families in Scarperia unfolds through memories, stories and topical issues, in pictures and in reconstructions of the workplace, of the social and family order, of the controversial relationship between the crafts professions and the farming world.
The displays of knives, the construction features, the breadth of the range of production in Scarperia are reflected, finally, by objects which speak for themselves, like the work knives with the blade finished by the numerous grindings, the delicate “palm-knives”, desk pen knives and the ever-popular Scarperia “zuava”.
The knife-maker’s workshop (Via Solferino, 15) is the part of the museum where the various phases of the craftsman’s production of knives can be observed directly, heightening the emotion of the visitor. The forge, work counter and anvil were the equipment that the work of the knife-maker was centred around, helped in the less heavy work by child-workers and by the “giratora” (female labour whose sphere of competence was limited to turning the grindstone for grinding the knives).
Various expedients have been used to permit the handling, disassembly and re-assembly of the knife so as to feel its size and form in relation to the intended use. The Museum of Knives belongs to the “Museo Diffuso” museum circuit of the boroughs of Barberino di Mugello, Borgo San Lorenzo, Dicomano, Firenzuola, Londa, Marradi, Palazzuolo, Pelago, Pontassieve, Reggello, Rufina, San Godenzo, San Piero a Sieve, Scarperia, Vaglia and Vicchio.
The Knife Museum
Palazzo dei Vicari, tel. 055/8468027-8468165:
15th June- 15th September: Saturday and holidays - 10.00 a.m. - 1.00 p.m., 3.30 p.m.- 6.30 p.m. Wednesday to Friday - 3.30 p.m. to 7.30 p.m.

The Knife-maker’s workshop
An appendix to the Knife Museum, this is a sort of living museum where the various phases of the craftsman’s production of knives can be observed thanks to local craftsmen who work on the assembly counter, in a workshop that has not changed all that much since the Forties. Involvement of the visitor is total: the forge, work counter and anvil are still there to testify to the knife-maker’s craft, helped in the less heavy work by child-workers and by the “giratora» the woman who turned the grindstone for grinding the knives.


Scarperia: discover the surroundings

  • Borgo San Lorenzo Borgo San Lorenzo (5 km)
    Borgo San Lorenzo which is the most important centre of the Mugello, rises at the widest part of the Sieve Valley.
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  • Mugello Mugello (10 km)
    Mugello is only few kilometres from Florence and we can find traces of history worthy of a great European capital.
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  • Old steam engine trains in Tuscany Old steam engine trains in Tuscany (10 km)
    In Tuscany old steam engine trains are still in function and aim combining the discover of history with the discovery of the region and its beautiful landscapes.
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  • Vernio Vernio (17 km)
    Set amid green mountains rich in water and cool holiday resorts, the municipality of Vernio is the right place to take a break from pollution and noise and enjoy the silence of nature.
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  • Vaiano Vaiano (19 km)
    Vaiano it is the most important town in the valley. The most important building is the Badia di S.Salvatore located in the center of the town
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  • Cantagallo Cantagallo (20 km)
    Situated at the sources of the Bisenzio river, amid the Tusco-Emilian Apennines, the medieval village of Cantagallo is an excellent base from which to explore the nearby mountains, climbing panoramic footpaths.
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  • Fiesole Fiesole (22 km)
    Fiesole, 300 m. in altitude in the main Piazza Mino, is not far from the centre of Florence only 5 Km. The landscape is dotted with olive trees, cypresses, from spots of forest and from houses and villas.
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  • Prato Prato (24 km)
    Prato, a comune square, made at the end of the thirtieth century at the crossroad of two main roads, is the ideal and geometrical centre of the town.
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  • Travel Prato Travel Prato (24 km)
    Prato and its surroundings are ideal destinations for tourists, especially young people looking for a vacation of study and intelligent entertainment.
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  • Travel in Florence Travel in Florence (26 km)
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  • Florence churches and cathedrals Florence churches and cathedrals (26 km)
    Visit Florence and its churches and cathedrals.
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  • Florence monuments Florence monuments (26 km)
    Visit Florence monuments : Palazzo Vecchio and Piazza della Signoria, Boboli gardens, Piazzale Michelangelo.
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  • Florence museums Florence museums (26 km)
    Visit Florence and its museums : Uffizi gallery, Museo Nazionale del Bargello, Botanical Gardens.
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  • Florence by Bus Florence by Bus (26 km)
    The Ataf tourism project “Itinerari”, the first in the world with these characteristics, was created in order to promote new exploration of the city with unusual destinations and stories.
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  • Trebbio castle Trebbio castle (26 km)
    Trebbio castle in Florence was built on the ruins of an earlier feudal fortress by Michelozzo Michelozzi at the request of Cosimo de' Medici.
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  • Ville Medicee Ville Medicee (26 km)
    Many examples remain of civil and residential architecture designed by the greatest specialists of the time on behalf of the Medici family .
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Accommodations in the area


    • Bagno a Ripoli (Florence)
    • 39 km from Scarperia

    Villa Valdarno 12 beds

    Villa Valdarno is a typical Tuscan farmhouse located in a secluded and peaceful area in the heart of the Tuscan countryside, among vineyards and olive groves, and enjoys a privileged panoramic view of the Florentine Valdarno.
    The ideal solution for groups of friends or acquaintances who wish to spend their holidays in Tuscany with the comforts of a detached villa with swimming pool and large garden.

    Availability request


    • Greve in Chianti (Florence)
    • 47 km from Scarperia

    Villa Chianti 7 beds

    Villa Chianti is a private villa for rent in Chianti area with pool and garden that can accommodate up to 7 people.
    An oasis of peace and tranquility with views of the Chianti valleys not far from the main tourist attractions of Tuscany.

    Availability request


    • Lucca (Lucca)
    • 64 km from Scarperia

    Historic Villa Lucca 12 beds pool

    Historic villa 14 km from the center of Lucca immersed in the green of the Tuscan vineyards and olive groves, it has a private swimming pool and a large park.
    Set on 350 square meters in a dominant position offers a unique view of the hills of Tuscany.

    Availability request


    • Camaiore (Lucca)
    • 82 km from Scarperia

    Charming villa Tuscany coast 14 beds pool

    Eighteenth-century villa located in a picturesque area of the Tuscan hills at the foot of the Apuan Alps, the villa has a park with swimming pool and tennis court.
    The spacious suites of the villa embellished with charming details and enhanced by modern comforts will make your stay an unforgettable experience.

    Availability request


    • Massarosa (Lucca)
    • 82 km from Scarperia

    Stone Farmhouse Massarosa 8 beds pool

    Stone farmhouse in typical Tuscan style skilfully and elegantly renovated in a dominant position on the hills of Massarosa with spectacular views that reach the sea of Tuscany. The farmhouse has a swimming pool with whirlpool.
    Perfect solution for those that search the real authentic Tuscany staying in the hills but not far from the Versilia sea.

    Availability request


    • Camaiore (Lucca)
    • 82 km from Scarperia

    Villa Camaiore Hills 10 beds pool

    Villa located 3 km from the center of Camaiore in a quiet and sunny position 10 km from Tuscan sea.
    Ideal for those looking for a villa accommodation on the hills of Versilia a few miles from Tuscan sea.

    Availability request


    • Camaiore (Lucca)
    • 83 km from Scarperia

    Villa Prato di Sopra Camaiore 10 beds pool

    This villa is really some thing special, perched on the top of a hill the views are endlessly breath taking.
    This villa is really some thing special, perched on the top of a hill the views are endlessly breath taking.

    Availability request


    • Camaiore (Lucca)
    • 83 km from Scarperia

    Villa Pieve di Camaiore 8 beds pool

    Luxury and charming villa with swimming pool for rent surrounded by the green hills of Camaiore not far from the sea of the Tuscan coast.
    The villa is ideal for those looking for an oasis of absolute peace and relaxation guaranteed by the elevated position and the external fence in style.

    Availability request


    • Camaiore (Lucca)
    • 83 km from Scarperia

    Villa Camaiore Hills 7 beds pool

    Wonderful villa with swimming pool surrounded by greenery, tranquility and privacy of the Pieve di Camaiore about 10 km from the sea of the Tuscan coast.
    The villa has all the comforts necessary to ensure an unforgettable stay in Tuscany and is the ideal solution for small groups up to 7 people who want to stay in the countryside but not far from the sea of Versilia.

    Availability request


    • Camaiore (Lucca)
    • 83 km from Scarperia

    Restored Farmhouse Camaiore 9 beds pool

    Beautiful fully restored farmhouse located on the hills of Camaiore. The villa is surrounded by a park of 2500 square meters in which is inserted the beautiful pool.
    Thanks to the dominant position on the valley from the farmhouse you can enjoy a beautiful 360 ° panoramic view.

    Availability request


    • Camaiore (Lucca)
    • 84 km from Scarperia

    Countryhouse Camaiore 16 beds pool

    Ancient and charming country house located in Camaiore on the Tuscan hills and just 10 km from the sea of Versilia.
    The villa is the ideal solution for those looking for a solution of typical Tuscan charm and in a position of absolute tranquility and relaxation.

    Availability request


    • Massarosa (Lucca)
    • 84 km from Scarperia

    Farmhouse Massarosa 14 beds pool

    Beautiful ancient Tuscan farmhouse completely renovated located on Tuscan hills 10 km from the golf course of Versilia. The villa can accommodate up to 14 people.
    An oasis of peace for those looking for a stay in the Tuscan hills while staying close to the sea. Perfect for a relaxing holiday in close contact with nature.

    Availability request


    • Camaiore (Lucca)
    • 86 km from Scarperia

    Villa Camaiore Hills 10 beds pool

    Prestigious villa for rent on the Hills of Camaiore with a unique position and a panoramic view that extends from the surrounding hills to the sea of Versilia.
    The large park in which the beautiful panoramic pool is expertly set gives this exclusive residence a characteristic of absolute privacy and relaxation.

    Availability request


    • Camaiore (Lucca)
    • 86 km from Scarperia

    Villa Camaiore Hills 6 beds pool

    Charming villa for rent on the hills of Camaiore surrounded by beautiful Mediterranean vegetation with three rooms for a total of 6 beds.
    The spectacular view of the surrounding hills and Camaiore from the garden and the swimming pool make this villa particularly interesting for those looking for a solution to relax in absolute privacy.

    Availability request


    • Viareggio (Lucca)
    • 87 km from Scarperia

    Villa Torre del Lago 5 beds

    Typical Tuscan farmhouse for rent in Torre del Lago, Massaciuccoli area with 3 bedrooms and 5 beds, just 1 km from the Tuscany coast.
    Ideal solution for small groups or families looking for a villa for rent not far from the sea in a context of absolute privacy.

    Availability request