However the abbey of Sant'Antimo existed in the year 814 as it testifies a diploma of Ludovico the Pious one that enriches the abbey of gifts and privileges.
The tradition, enough reliable, wants that Charles Magno in 781, of return from Rome along the street Francigena, transited for the Amiata mountain with his court and his army. In many were struck by the plague and, to stop the scourge, the emperor made a vow and founded the abbey. Sant'Antimo is therefore an Ex imperial vote. According to other historians the foundation goes up again to the Longobardis as that of St. Savior on the Amiata. It is not even excluded that in the place a Roman villa existed and is known with certainty that in the IV-V century Castelnuovo of the abbot was an important lived center, endowed with a parish, then disappearance.
However the monastery of Sant'Antimo existed in the year 814 as it testifies a diploma of Ludovico the Pious one that enriches the abbey of gifts and privileges. From the X century the abbot of the monastery is also Count Palatino, public position of great relief conferred by the emperor. In the IX century the abbey crosses financial difficulty, to the point that in the 877 Charles the Bald one entrusts him to the bishop of Arezzo, with the obligation to maintain you to own expenses 40 monks.
In the 992 pope Giovanni XV (985-996) a bead with which the monastery passes under the direct giusrisdizione of the Apostolic Center emanates. The 1118 saw the beginning of the apogee of Sant'Antimo. The count Bernard of the Ardengheschis surrenders his whole patrimony in good moili and immovable "in toto I reign Italic et in tota Tuscie marks" to Ildebrando, child of Rustic, so that transfers to the abbey. The testimony of this exceptional donation was engraved on the steps of the altar as lapidary paper to perennial memory of the event. The abbot Guidone (1108-1128) that it received the donation it immediately gave start to the great yard for the construction of the new church.
The period of maximum shine lasts up to the loss of Montalcino, occupied by the senesis that they force the abbey to the signature of a pact with which is also surrendered the fourth part of the territory of Montalcino in Siena. And the June 12 1212. The abbey begins its slow decline. Entrusted to the Guglelmitis by pope Nicolò IV (1288-1292) with bead of August 23 1291, a brief resumption lives in the period between 1397 and 1404, up to its suppression in 1462 from Pious pope II (1458-1464) that it entrusts the good of it to the bishop of the newborn diocese of Montalcino and Pienza, created the August 13 of the same year. After the passage of the abbey to the ownerships of the State in 1867, a long period of restaurations was opened that saved the whole building.
The jobs, initiated in 1872 and finished in 1895, they brought the church to the actual aspect. In 1992 religious activity is taken back thanks to the arrival of the Regular Canons Premonstratensi. Any image, any fimatos, any virtual visit is able it anchors sostiutire and to reproduce the same charm of this place. The enchantment is total and the harmony with which the geometries architettoniiches of the abbey are integrated with the landscape it overcomes every comparison. The façade, remained incompiiuta, introduces a portal, probable solution of shift to a prgetto that it foresaw two of them, surmounted by a datable lintel to the first half the XII century and capitals, friezes and ferrules of few back. The element that confers to this church a French imprint more than every other is the scheme basilicale with deambulatorio to radial chapels, only in Tuscany and among the little presents in Italy. To the morning, the sun plays with the stone that is the most precious among all those used for the church in the deambulatorio: alabaster and travertino, with which capitals and columns are realized. Long 44 meters, the church is guarded to the entry by two lions stilofori, destined probailmente to the external portal, datable to the XII century and attributed to the Teacher of Cabestany as the stupendous capital with the scenes of "Daniel in the pit of the lions."
The refined persons motives fitomorfici and geoetrici, precise in the sketch and clean in the carving, they denounce a matrix that must be sought in France in Alvernia.
However other capitals situated in the deambulatorio introduce a character lombardo which it makes the hypothesis reasonable cha to Sant'Antimo has worked two maestranzes, a Frenchwoman and one, perhaps bunting, or that has dealt with an only maestranza lombarda that had sojourned in Alvernia.
On the right of the greatest church, sets to the beginning of the deambulatorio, the chapel is found carolingia of the century VIII-IX, a small building to only rectangular aisle, with apse semicircolare. On the left external side the imposing tall bell tower is raised around 30 meters. Divided in four orders, decorated from injured of it, with openings monofore and bifore, are of style lombardo with a note pisana for the columns to the angles of the base. The bell tower has a coverage to terrace, on which it's situated two bells, one of which hands engraved abbot Ugo's name (1216-12222) and the date 1219. The apse of the great church, synthesis of power and rush, culminates with a delicious bifora, the only one that entirely illuminates.
I lend other monasteries to the monastic reform of Vallombrosa they were united in Tuscany and out, under the charismatic guide of the Gualberto forming the Congregation Vallombrosana officially recognized by the Pope Urbano II in 1090. The origins of the congregation vallombrosana is characterized by a powerful person wish of reform, both towards the church and of the monachesimo and from the desire to live to the letter the rule of St. Benedict.
The congregation knew a long period of expansion that was maintained up to the XVI century; then it began the decline and in 1866 the Italian government decreed the general suppression of the religious orders. Meanwhile, monastic community was transferred to Pescia, where it remained up to 1949. It was only in 1961 that it could reenter in the Abbey of Sant'Antimo, whose ownership has remained nevertheless to the State.
Visits of the abbey of Sant'Antimo
The entry of the church is free.
The church cannot be visited during the functions.
During the visit:
it is necessary to observe the silence.
it is necessary to dress in decent way
it is necessary to hold extinguished the jail cell.
The groups don't have to book and (particularly those juvenile), you/they can ask the help of a free monk from other appointments.
Who desires a guided visit you can turn to custodian Guido Burlando, present in church during the hours of visit. (you can eventually be booked phoning +39 3494796374).
Montalcino: discover the surroundings
Accommodations in the area
- Montepulciano (Siena)
26 km from Montalcino
Immersed in the verdant countryside around the noble town of Montepulciano, that boasts ancient Etruscan origins, Le Caggiole Estate is perfectly located for exploring Tuscany's most prized treasures.Booking ONLINE
In a relaxing and cosy atmosphere uests are offered three comfortable, quiet double rooms with private bathrooms and two comfortable apartments for two persons and for small family groups.
- Siena (Siena)
33 km from Montalcino
Agriturimo Marciano : an exlusive opportunity, two holidays at the place of only one. stay in the country and life downtown. Marciano is located near the walls of the Middle Age town of Siena.Availability request
Five confortable double rooms and a suite with a beautiful sight on the Siena Duomo
- Colle Val D'Elsa (Siena)
52 km from Montalcino
La Pieve, charming farmhouse located on the hills of Val d'Elsa, between Volterra and San Gimignano, along the Via Francigena, in the heart of the Tuscan countryside, with its luxuriant nature and rich history.Availability request
Framed by olive trees and a wood, it fosters a direct dialogue with nature in complete relaxation where they contemplate and enjoy the stillness in private and unique spaces.
- Cortona (Arezzo)
55 km from Montalcino
Set within the green hills of Tuscany, a few kilometers away from the old Etruscan town of Cortona farmhouse Rocca di Pierle is the perfect place to find peace and tranquility in contact with the pace of nature.Booking ONLINE
Completely renovated Tuscan farmhouse with 3 rustic-style apartments. For groups possibilities to rent the whole villa.
- Greve in Chianti (Florence)
57 km from Montalcino
Villa Chianti is a private villa for rent in Chianti area with pool and garden that can accommodate up to 7 people.Availability request
An oasis of peace and tranquility with views of the Chianti valleys not far from the main tourist attractions of Tuscany.
- San Gimignano (Siena)
58 km from Montalcino
Agriturismo Villa il Palagetto located in the vicinity of the medieval centre of San Gimignano, nestled in the rolling hills of the gorgeous Tuscan countryside.Availability request
Provides comfortable accommodation in 6 double bedrooms and two Suites
- San Gimignano (Siena)
58 km from Montalcino
In the vicinity of the medieval centre of San Gimignano, nestled in the rolling hills of the gorgeous Tuscan countryside, Agriturismo La Lucciolaia is perfectly located for exploring Tuscany's most prized art towns.Availability request
This ancient farmhouse has been recently renovated and divided into eleven double rooms and two Suites, where the magic atmosphere of past times is perfectly blended with modern comforts.
- Castiglione della Pescaia (Grosseto)
63 km from Montalcino
Beautiful and characteristic villa with stone finishes located in the exclusive Roccamare area in Castiglione della Pescaia.Availability request
Surrounded by the green of the pine forest and the total privacy with 2000 sqm park equipped with relaxation area and barbecue is located about 400 meters from the sea and has a private beach.
- San Gimignano (Siena)
63 km from Montalcino
Azienda Agricola Biologica Cesani is an organic farm nestled in the rolling hills of the Tuscan countryside, in the tiny country hamlet of Pancole, 6 km to the medieval town of San Gimignano.Availability request
Azienda Agricola Biologica Cesani is an organic farm nestled in the rolling hills of the Tuscan countryside, in the tiny country hamlet of Pancole, 6 km to the medieval town of San Gimignano.
- Castiglione della Pescaia (Grosseto)
67 km from Montalcino
Beautiful villa with swimming pool surrounded by greenery and tranquility of the exclusive tourist destination Punta Ala and small attic used as service personnel only 300 meters from the sea of Tuscany.Availability request
This ideal solution for those who want to spend their holidays near the beautiful sea of Punta Ala with the comforts of an exclusive villa.
- Bagno a Ripoli (Florence)
68 km from Montalcino
Villa Valdarno is a typical Tuscan farmhouse located in a secluded and peaceful area in the heart of the Tuscan countryside, among vineyards and olive groves, and enjoys a privileged panoramic view of the Florentine Valdarno.Availability request
The ideal solution for groups of friends or acquaintances who wish to spend their holidays in Tuscany with the comforts of a detached villa with swimming pool and large garden.
- Firenze (Florence)
79 km from Montalcino
The charming Marignolle Relais & Charme, nestled the hills of Florence, is the ideal solution for those who want a place of excellence and relaxation and love peace and privacy without the amenities of a luxury hotel.Booking ONLINE
Marignolle Relais & Charme is especially appreciated by travelers looking for style and tradition by offering deluxe rooms or junior suites in a refined, with superior comforts and impeccable services that make this relais an excellence of Florence.
- Lucca (Lucca)
121 km from Montalcino
Historic villa 14 km from the center of Lucca immersed in the green of the Tuscan vineyards and olive groves, it has a private swimming pool and a large park.Availability request
Set on 350 square meters in a dominant position offers a unique view of the hills of Tuscany.
- Massarosa (Lucca)
129 km from Montalcino
Stone farmhouse in typical Tuscan style skilfully and elegantly renovated in a dominant position on the hills of Massarosa with spectacular views that reach the sea of Tuscany. The farmhouse has a swimming pool with whirlpool.Availability request
Perfect solution for those that search the real authentic Tuscany staying in the hills but not far from the Versilia sea.
- Viareggio (Lucca)
130 km from Montalcino
Typical Tuscan farmhouse for rent in Torre del Lago, Massaciuccoli area with 3 bedrooms and 5 beds, just 1 km from the Tuscany coast.Availability request
Ideal solution for small groups or families looking for a villa for rent not far from the sea in a context of absolute privacy.
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